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英文誌(2004-)

Journal of Medical Ultrasonics

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1996 - Vol.23

Vol.23 No.04

Technical Note(技術報告)

(0313 - 0318)

超音波カラードプラ法を用いた速度プロファイルによる血流量計測法−原理およびファントムを用いた検討−

A Method for Estimating Blood Flow by Velocity Profile Using Color Doppler Signals: A Discussion of the Principles and a Phantom Study

谷口 信行1, 伊東 紘一1, 高野 隆一2, 井上 信康3, 小笠原 正文3, 若松 立也3, 宮本 一夫3

Nobuyuki TANIGUCHI1, Kouichi ITOH1, Ryuichi TAKANO2, Nobuyasu INOUE3, Masafumi OGASAWARA3, Tatsuya WAKAMATSU3, Kazuo MIYAMOTO3

1自治医科大学臨床病理学, 2自治医科大学腎臓内科, 3アロカ

1Department of Clinical Pathology, Jichi Medical School, 2Department of Nephrology, Jichi Medical School, 3Aloka Company

キーワード : Color Doppler method, Flow volume, Measurement, Ultrasound, Velocity profile

Ultrasonic estimation of flow volume has conventionally been made by multiplying the cross-sectional area of a vessel by maximum flow velocity through that area as determined by the pulsed Doppler method, and then by applying a correction coefficient. This method is inaccurate, however, because it is often difficult to determine precise vessel diameter, and because it is not always appropriate to use a coefficient that has been obtained from animal experiments. Here we used a phantom to examine the validity of a new flow volume measurement with color flow signals. The method first entails formation of a velocity profile on a line that passes through the center of a vessel and that is perpendicular to its long axis. Once the cross section of the vessel has been deemed circular, the profile is developed into a two-dimensional distribution. In doing this, each half of the linear profile is treated differently to avoid any error that might be caused by an eccentric peak. Flow volume at a given point in time can thus be calculated by multiplying each velocity by the number of pixels in that velocity and by summing the products. Flow volume per cardiac cycle can then be calculated by integrating flow volumes at amount for the cycle. Results thus obtained correlated closely with those of the actual flow volume through the phantom (r=1.00). Because it is rapid and does not require measurement of a laminar diameter to assume a velocity profile, and does not rely on application of a correction coefficient, the present method appears to be more useful than the pulsed Doppler method in determining volume of blood flow.