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英文誌(2004-)

Journal of Medical Ultrasonics

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1995 - Vol.22

Vol.22 No.10

Original Article(原著)

(0695 - 0701)

超音波ドプラ信号を利用する局所脈波速度計測法のヒト動脈への応用

Local Pulse Wave Velocity Using Correlation of Doppler Signals in Experimental and Clinical Study

西谷 智彦1, 千田 彰一1, 片倉 景義2, 菅原 基晃3, 弓場 雅夫1, 森田 久樹1, 舛形 尚1, 吉川 圭1, 横井 博信4, 松尾 裕英1

Tomohiko NISHIYA1, Shoichi SENDA1, Kageyoshi KATAKURA2, Motoaki SUGAWARA3, Masao YUBA1, Hisaki MORITA1, Hisasi MASUGATA1, Kay YOSHIKAWA1, Hironobu YOKOI4, Hirohide MATSUO1

1香川医科大学第2内科, 2日立製作所情報通信事業部, 3東京女子医科大学附属日本心臓血圧研究所, 4香川医科大学附属病院検査部

1Second Department of Internal Medicine, Kagawa Medical School, 2Telecommunications division, Hitachi, Ltd., 3Department of Cardiovascular Sciences,Tokyo Women's Medical College, 4Clinical Laboratory, Kagawa Medical School

キーワード : Atherosclerosis, Correlation, Doppler, Pulse wave velocity

We propose a new method for local measurement of the propagation velocity of a pulse wave for the quantitative evaluation of severity of atherosclerosis. This method uses a complex cross-correlation of Doppler signals and, theoretically, has the potential for precise estimation of the propagation time of a pulse wave of less than 1 msec. Doppler signals shifted by blood flow are detected at two adjacent locations on the artery using the simultaneous two-beam pulsed Doppler method, stored in a computer, and then analyzed by cross correlation. Time delay at maximum correlation output gives propagation time of the pulse wave. In an experimental study using a pulsatile-flow circuit model, regardless of sampling distance and flow-velocity profile, there was little fluctuation in calculated pulse wave velocity. Time resolution of this method was estimated at less than 1 msec, which is sufficient accuracy for measurement of local pulse wave velocity over a 5 cm distance. In a study in vivo of healthy volunteers, local pulse wave velocity was faster in the femoral artery (6.4±0.8 m/sec) than in the carotid artery (4.8±0.5 m/sec) and abdominal aorta (4.0±5 m/sec). The average value of local pulse wave velocities in these three sites was almost the same as the aortic pulse wave velocity conventionally measured between the carotid and femoral arteries. Local pulse wave velocity will thus facilitate quantitative estimation of the distribution and severity of atherosclerosis.