Online Journal
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Journal of Medical Ultrasonics

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1995 - Vol.22

Vol.22 No.06

Original Article(原著)

(0449 - 0454)


Evaluation of Power Doppler Imaging for Renal Diseases

山田 麗子1, 平井 都始子1, 大石 元1, 佐々木 義明1, 今井 照彦1, 打田 日出夫1, 地挽 隆夫2

Reiko YAMADA1, Toshiko HIRAI1, Hajime OHISHI1, Yoshiaki SASAKI1, Teruhiko IMAI1, Hideo UCHIDA1, Takao JIBIKI2

1奈良県立医科大学腫瘍放射線科・放射線科, 2GE横河メディカルシステム(株)

1Departments of Oncoradiology and Radiology Nara Medical University, 2GE Yokogawa Medical Systems

キーワード : Doppler studies, Kidney, Renal disease, Ultrasound

The clinical usefulness of power Doppler imaging for diagnosing various renal diseases was evaluated. Subjects were 10 volunteers with normal kidneys, 2 patients suspected of having tumors with renal lobulation, 7 with transplanted kidneys (4 in whom the renal function could be evaluated serially starting immediately after transplantation and 3 in whom chronic rejection was suspected), 2 with renovascular hypertension, 1 with renal infarction, 4 with renal cell carcinoma, and 1 with metastatic renal tumor. Both velocity- and power-mode color Doppler imaging were used to compare all subjects. The instrument, a GE LOGIQ 500, was equipped with 3.5 MHz and 5 MHz convex probes. Observation in velocity mode was followed by observation in power mode. A scale of ±7 to 10 cm/sec was used in velocity-mode imaging, and, to avoid artifacts, maximum color gain was used. Capability of color Doppler imaging to delineate renal cortical vessels in normal kidneys was assessed, and the images obtained were compared with those obtained from patients with renal disorders in order to evaluate the potential usefulness of this modality as a diagnostic tool. Results are as follows. In normal kidneys, power mode delineated a larger number of renal cortical vessels and delineated them as far down as the subcapsular structure. This mode even delineated perforating branches that could not be visualized in velocity mode. In the 2 patients suspected of having tumors with renal lobulation, power mode delineated normally running interlobar and interlobular arteries, making differentiation from tumor tissue easier. In transplanted kidneys, velocity mode produced no demonstrable difference between delineation of renal cortical vessels in the event-free, good course and those in the acute tubular necrosis (ATN) stage. In power mode, however, renal cortical vessels were distinctly delineated in color, even in the subcapsular area, during the good course. In the ATN stage, they were only poorly delineated, however. The capability of color Doppler imaging to delineate renal cortical vessels was poor in cases of chronic rejection, where these vessels had the appearance of withered branches. Although diagnosis was possible with either mode, the power mode was superior in its ability to delineate renal vessels. In renovascular hypertension, both modes were equally effective in diagnosing one of the cases of renal arterial stenosis; power-mode imaging proved superior in the other. In the former case, a jet stream that was visualized at the site of stenosis made diagnosis by velocity mode easy. In the latter case, however, in which there was local stenosis at the origin of the renal artery, an apparent abnormality that went undetected in velocity mode was identified in power mode. Power mode also proved superior in capability to visualize an avascular area in renal infarction. In the 4 cases of renal cell carcinoma, power mode was superior to velocity mode in capability to delineate tumor vessels. Although velocity mode produced a rich color image of the lesion, the vessels delineated in this mode lacked continuity, while power mode delineated a tortuous and meandering pattern of tumor vessels. Both modes demonstrated metastatic renal tumor as an avascular lesion. These results suggest that power-mode will improve the diagnostic capability of color Doppler imaging for an array of renal diseases. We predict that it will gain general acceptance as a diagnostic modality for these disorders.