Online Journal
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Journal of Medical Ultrasonics

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1995 - Vol.22

Vol.22 No.02

Original Article(原著)

(0153 - 0158)


Transesophageal Echocardiographic Findings and Complications of Atrial Septal Aneurysm

練合 泰明1, 吉田 茂夫1, 伊東 佳澄1, 那須 俊一1, 福田 守道1, 星野 一也2, 井澤 和弘3, 藤田 勉4

Yasuaki NERIAI1, Shigeo YOSHIDA1, Kasumi ITO1, Shunichi NASU1, Morimichi FUKUDA1, Kazuya HOSHINO2, Masahiro IZAWA3, Tsutomu FUJITA4

1札幌医科大学機器診断部, 2札幌中央病院循環器内科, 3恵み野病院第1内科, 4札幌東徳洲会病院循環器内科

1Department of Ultrasound and Medical Electronics Sapporo Medical University, 2Department of Cardiology Sapporo Chuou Hospital, 3First Department of Internal Medicine Megumino Hospital, 4Department of Cardiology Sapporo Higashi Tokusyukai Hospital

キーワード : Atrial septal aneurysm, Cerebral ischemic attack pulmonary embolism, Mitral valve prolapse, Patent foramen ovale, Transesophageal echocardiography

We evaluated echocardiographic findings and their clinical significance in six atrial septal aneurysms detected on transesophageal echocardiographic examination between February 1992 and April 1994. An atrial septal aneurysm was defined as a localized bulging of the interatrial septum, protruding more than 6 mm into the right atrium, the left atrium, or both (the diagnostic criteria of Gallet et al.). Four of the six aneurysms were in men, and two were in women; mean age was 65.5 years; range, 33 to 78 years. Transthoracic echocardiography failed to demonstrate the lesion in one patient. All of the aneurysms protruded into the left atrium during systole and into the right atrium during diastole when the patient breathed normally, and protrusion into the left atrium was greater than that into the right atrium. These aneurysms also protruded farther into the left atrium immediately after release of the Valsalva maneuver. No fenestrations or thrombi were detected within the aneurysms. Atrial septal aneurysms were associated with mitrial valve prolapse in all six (100%) patients; tricuspid valve prolapse was detected in three (50%). Patent foramen ovale, with left-to-right and right-to-left shunt flow, was detected in four (67%) of the patients by contrast-Valsalva maneuver transesophageal echocardiography and angiography. Cerebral ischemic attack, pulmonary embolism, or both, occurred in three (50%) of six patients, and two of these three had supraventricular premature contraction. We conclude that formation of atrial septal aneurysm results from deficiency of connective tissue, that atrial septal aneurysm and patent foramen ovale closely related, and that atrial septal aneurysm should be considered to be a potential embolic risk factor.