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英文誌(2004-)

Journal of Medical Ultrasonics

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1994 - Vol.21

Vol.21 No.01

Original Article(原著)

(0037 - 0044)

コントラストバブルの抵抗血管内皮に及ぼす影響

Effect of Microbubble Size on Endothelium-Dependent Dilation of Resistance Arterioles

池岡 清光, 近藤 誠宏, 三好 彩, 渋谷 純, 舛谷 元丸, 北垣 幸央, 小亀 孝夫, 大柳 光正, 岩崎 忠昭

Kiyomitsu IKEOKA, Tomohiro KONDO, Aya MIYOSHI, Jun SHIBUYA, Motomaru MASUTANI, Yukihisa KITAGAKI, Takao KOGAME, Mitsumasa OHYANAGI, Tadaaki IWASAKI

兵庫医科大学第1内科

The First Department of Internal Medicine, Hyogo College of Medicine

キーワード : Microbubbles, Myocardial contrast echocardiography, In vitro study, EDRF, Microcirculation

The purpose of this study was to determine whether sonicated albumin bubbles that were larger than the red blood cells impair the responses of resistance arterioles to vasoactive drugs during myocardial contrast echocardiography using direct in vitro approaches. We injected two sizes of bubbles (diameter: 5 μm and 50 μm) at random into the microcirculation of the cremaster muscle of Wistar-Kyoto rats (n=12). We then dissected the arteriole (mean diameter: 97 μm) and pressurized at 40 mmHg in isolated organ chambers. The diameters were measured in a no-flow, constant pressure state using video microvessel imaging apparatus. Endothelium-dependent relaxations to acetylcholine were significantly impaired in the arterioles from rats treated with 50 μm-bubbles, while endothelium-independent responses to KCl were not influenced by the size of bubbles. Thus, bubbles larger than the red blood cells but smaller than the vessel diameter could injure the endothelium, but not the vascular smooth muscle, of resistance arterioles. A light microscopic examination revealed the damage of endothelial cells in the resistance vessels treated with 50 μm-bubbles. We should pay much more attention to the size of bubbles, especially when we perform the myocardial contrast echocardiography on diseased hearts which are expected to have coronary arteries with already damaged endothelium.