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英文誌(2004-)

Journal of Medical Ultrasonics

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1988 - Vol.15

Vol.15 No.03

Original Article(原著)

(0209 - 0214)

小肝細胞癌(3 cm 以下)におけるUS所見, とくに腫瘍エコー強度と質的診断について

Ultrasonic Findings of Hepatocellular Carcinoma Smaller than 3 cm in Diameter

蒲池 寿彦, 坂口 正剛, 黒川 雅史, 奥村 恂

Toshihiko KAMACHI, Seigo SAKAGUCHI, Masafumi KUROKAWA, Makoto OKUMURA

福岡大学医学部第一内科

First Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Fukuoka University

キーワード : small hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), Ultrasonography, Echogenisity of HCC, Mosaic pattern, Posterior echo enhancement

Clinical diagnosis and ultrasonic findings of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) smaller than 3 cm in diameter were analysed of 61 lesions in 47 patients. Detectability of the lesion by US, CT and Angiography were calculated. Echogenicity of the lesion and frequency of detected ultrasonic findings such as halo, mosaic pattern, posterior echo enhancement and lateral shadows of the lesion were evaluated.
Detectability of the lesion smaller than 1 cm in diameter by US, CT and Angiography were 79%, 64% and 69%, respectively.
On ultrasonic tomogram, most of the small lesions smaller than 1 cm represented as hypoechoic lesions but larger than 2 cm as isoechoic. Mosaic pattern and posterior echo enhancement were recognized in more than a half of the patients with small HCC. Mosaic pattern and posterior echo enhancement were useful findings for diagnosis of HCC larger than 2 cm in diameter, but these findings were rarely encountered in patients with HCC smaller than 1 cm.