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Journal of Medical Ultrasonics

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1988 - Vol.15

Vol.15 No.03

Original Article(原著)

(0187 - 0199)


Non-invasive Measurement of Coronary Artery Blood Flow Velocity Using a Vessel-tracking Ultrasonic Pulsed-Doppler System

立石 修1, 会沢 治1, 岡村 哲夫1, 古幡 博2, 瀬尾 育弐3, 飯沼 一浩3, 志岐 栄一4

Osamu TATEISHI1, Osamu AIZAWA1, Tetsuo OKAMURA1, Hiroshi FURUHATA2, Yasutsugu SEO3, Kazuhiro IINUMA3, Eiichi SHIKI4

1東京慈恵会医科大学第四内科, 2東京慈恵会医科大学ME研究室, 3東芝医用機器技術研究所, 4東芝メディカルエンジニアリング株式会社

1The 4th Department of Internal Medicine, Jikei University School of Medicine, 2Medical Engineering Laboratory, Jikei University School of Medicine, 3Toshiba Co. Medical Engineering Laboratory, 4Toshiba Medical Engineering Co.

キーワード : Ultrasonic Doppler echocardiography, Coronary blood flow, Coronary circulation

A new method was developed for measuring left coronary blood flow noninvasively on the basis of the phantom experiments.
Origin of noises generated when the coronary blood flow was measured, was investigated using ultrasonic Doppler simulator. The noises were classified into three groups: (a) Wall echo signal, (b) Higher harmonic components of the wall echo signal, (c) Multiple Doppler beats.
On the basis of these results, we have developed a vessel tracking ultrasonic pulsed Doppler flowmeter to eliminate these noises. The system consisted of the following two techniques: (1) Sample position tracking; Sample position can be always set in a moving vessel by a wall echo tracking method with a phase-locked-loop. (2) Doppler reference signal starts at the sample position in order to cancel the Doppler shifts caused by movement of the vessel. These techniques were combined with a commercially available pulsed Doppler apparatus SSH-40B (Toshiba).
Validity of these techniques was proved by using a blood vessel phantom.
The blood flow velocity of the left anterior descending artery was measured in three normal cases and seven patients with hypertension, valvular heart disease and cardiomyopathy through the third intercostal space along the left sternal border. The velocity pattern was characterized by crescendo-decrescendo shape in diastole, and the peak velocity appeared in diastole ranged from 19 to 69 cm/sec, with no significant difference between normal cases and patients.
Pressure-flow relationship was obtained by measuring coronary artery blood flow with the vessel-tracking technique and the aortic pressure obtained from cardiac catheterization. A linear relationship was found to be exist between them.