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英文誌(2004-)

Journal of Medical Ultrasonics

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1998 - Vol.25

Vol.25 No.06

Original Article(原著)

(0689 - 0696)

超音波による胎児透明中隔腔およびベルガ腔の抽出とその臨床的意義

Ultrasound Detection of Fetal Cavum Septi Pellucidum and Cavum Vergae: Its Clinical Significance

郡司 典子, 竹内 久彌, 佐藤 隆之, 島田 信敬, 崔 華, 大島 香

Noriko GUNJI, Hisaya TAKEUCHI, Takayuki SATOH, Nobutaka SHIMADA, Hua CUI, Kaori OHSHIMA

順天堂大学医学部付属順天堂浦安病院産婦人科

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Juntendo University Urayasu Hospital

キーワード : Cavum septi pellucidum, Cavum Vargae, Fetus, Ultrasound diagnosis, Ultrasound

Although the cavum septi pellucidum and the cavum Vergae are ultrasonically discernible intracranial structures of the fetus, their developmental process and abnormalities have remained obscure until this time. The first published study of abnormal dilatation of the cavum Vergae has recently appeared, however. Here we report on a case of what appeared to be dilated cavum septi pellucidum and cavum Vergae with uneventful pre- and postnatal periods, as well as on the results of a study of these two cavities in a normal population of fetus in their second and third trimesters of pregnancy. The cavum septi pellucidum and cavum Vergae were visualized during each week from the 18th through the 40th week of pregnancy at a constant mean rate of 75%. The width of both cava in transverse and coronal sections increased almost linearly from 4 mm in the 18th week of pregnancy to 10 mm in the 40th week. We thus conclude that the cavum septi pellucidum and cavum Vergae are fetal intracranial structures normally detected on ultrasound examination during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy. Clarification of the clinical significance of their dilatation may require further investigation, however.