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英文誌(2004-)

Journal of Medical Ultrasonics

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1996 - Vol.23

Vol.23 No.11

Case Report(症例報告)

(0803 - 0807)

超音波画像上特徴的な所見を呈した転移性甲状腺癌の2例

Characteristic Ultrasound Apperances of Two Cases of Metastatic Thyroid Tumors

東野 英利子1, 植野 映2, 田中 秀行3, 八代 享2

Eriko TOHNO1, Ei UENO2, Hedeyuki TANAKA3, Tohru YASHIRO2

1筑波記念病院放射線科, 2筑波大学臨床医学系, 3牛尾外科

1Department of Radiology Tsukuba Memorial Hospital, 2Institute of Clinical Medicine University of Tsukuba, 3Department of Surgery Ushio Surgical Hospital

キーワード : Metastasis, Renal cell carcinomas, Thyroid tumor, Ultrasonography

One of the two cases discussed here was that of a thyroid tumor that had metastasized from the kidney; in the other case, metastasis was from the colon. Case 1 was that of a 51-year-old woman who had received left nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma 3 years earlier. A low-density area was found incidentally in the left thyroid lobe on CT scan performed to evaluate metastasis to the left clavicle. Subsequent ultrasound examination of the thyroid showed two circumscribed nodules with very low internal echoes in each lobe. Three nodules appeared extremely hypervascular on color Doppler examination, suggesting metastasis from renal cell carcinomas. Another nodule was avascular, suggesting that this nodule was a cyst. The diagnosis of metastasis from renal cell carcinoma was confirmed pathologically, and the ultrasound appearances was considered characteristic of this rare condition. Case 2 was that of a 49-year-old man who had undergone sigmoid colectomy for colon cancer and cannulation of the hepatic artery for treatment of liver metastasis. The metastatic liver tumors contained calcifications. A hard mass was palpated on the left side of the neck when hoarseness developed 2 years later. Ultrasound showed an echo-poor mass in the left thyroid lobe. This mass contained extremely small echogenic spots that probably represented small calcifications. Multiple cervical lymph-node swelling was also present. The small calcifications suggested metastasis from colon cancer, although primary thyroid cancer, papillary carcinoma in particular, could not be ruled out. The pathologic diagnosis of the surgical specimen was metastasis from colon cancer. Ultrasonographic apperarance, which demonstrated characteristics of the primary tumor and metastasis to the involved organ, was useful in the diagnosis of these two cases.