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Journal of Medical Ultrasonics

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1990 - Vol.17

Vol.17 No.03

Original Article(原著)

(0213 - 0222)


New Non-Invasive Measurement of Left Coronary Arterial Resistance by Ultrasonic Technique

吉田 哲1, 立石 修1, 会沢 治1, 岡村 哲夫1, 古幡 博2

Satoru YOSHIDA1, Osamu TATEISHI1, Osamu AIZAWA1, Tetsuo OKAMURA1, Hiroshi FURUHATA2

1東京慈恵会医科大学第4内科, 2東京慈恵会医科大学ME研究室

1The 4th Department of Internal Medicine, Jikei University School of Medicine, 2Medical Engineering Laboratory, Jikei University School of Medicine

キーワード : Echo tracking technique, Coronary arterial resistance, Coronary circulation

We developed a new method for calculating a phasic resistance (Rp) of left coronary artery in the diastole. The Rp was calculated by using the phasic coronary flow (Fp) and pressure (Pp) obtained as follows: Fp was obtained by a vessel-tracking pulse Doppler flowmeter which permits the sample volume to follow the movements of the vessel. Pp was noninvasively obtained by measuring the diameter change in carotid artery by an echo tracking technique, because it was proven by us that the waveform of carotid artery was quite similar to that obtained by the aortic pressure measured by catheter tip manometer. Rp was calculated in 22 patients: Normal (N)=7, Valvular heart disease (VD)=7, Hypertension (HT)=4, Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM)=2, Others=2. The Rp in diastole was a minimum at the phase of peak flow and increased from the time of peak flow toward the late diastolic phase. In each group, meanRp was 43(N), 30(VD), 70(HT), 23(DCM), 47(Others), respectively. The minimum Rp was decreased by administration of Nitroglycerin (NTG) and its reduction ratio (Rp post/Rp pre) was less in VD group (0.52) than in N group (0.32)
CONCLUSION: We measured coronary arterial resistance noninvasively and its change by administration of NTG could be measured noninvasively. The coronary arterial resistance was a minimum at the phase of peak flow and it was increased from the peak flow portion toward the late diastole in each patient group.