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英文誌(2004-)

Journal of Medical Ultrasonics

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1989 - Vol.16

Vol.16 No.02

Original Article(原著)

(0121 - 0126)

擬似逆フィルター法による短いパルス音波のBモード映像系における空間分解能

Spatial Resolution of Short Pulse by Pseudo-inverse Filtering in B-mode Imaging

遠藤 信行

Nobuyuki ENDOH

神奈川大学工学部

Faculty of Engineering, Kanagawa University

キーワード : Pseudo-inverse filtering, Range resolution, Low center frequency pulse, Directivity

In the ultrasonic diagnosis, a higher center frequency pulse has usually better range resolution than a low frequency pulse. However, it is difficult to obtain the reflected echo signal of far target because the attenuation of the media may be proportional to the frequency. In the other hand, a ringing less pulse has the good range resolution like a high frequency pulse, in spite of a low center frequency. The pseudo-inverse filtering method in the DFT domain is good for transmitting and/or receiving a pulse without ringing. In degassed water or in caster oil, we could actually project ringing less pulses of 0.5 μs whose center frequencies are 2 to 8 MHz. The objective pulse of 2 MHz had a wavelet and 8 MHz pulse had 4 wavelets, respectivly, because its duration time should be 0.5 μs. The experimental pulse duration time or the range resolution was measured with and without filtering technique. This technique much improved the range resolution at on-axis. The off-axis resolution was also measured as the function of an angle from the center axis. It was shown that the range resolution with filtering technique changed more smoothly than without it. The directivity of a 5 mm disk transmitter was measured using pulse with and without filtering, in order to compare with the continuous sinusoidal wave. Three kinds of directivities had almost the same beam widths. Each result coincided with the calculated value, respectively.