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英文誌(2004-)

Journal of Medical Ultrasonics

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1988 - Vol.15

Vol.15 No.03

Original Article(原著)

(0264 - 0272)

結節性甲状腺腫の超音波診断に関する検討

Ultrasonographic Diagnosis of Nodular Goiter

村上 司1, 村上 信夫1, 野口 志郎1, 野口 秋人1, 太田 康幸2

Tsukasa MURAKAMI1, Nobuo MURAKAMI1, Shiro NOGUCHI1, Akito NOGUCHI1, Yasuyuki OHTA2

1野口病院, 2愛媛大学医学部第三内科

1Noguchi Thyroid Clinic and Hospital Foundation, 2Third Department of Internal Medicine, Ehime University School of Medicine

キーワード : Ultrasonography, Thyroid nodule, Calcification

We reported that most part of papillary carcinoma of the thyroid was able to be differentiated from benign nodules according to ultrasonographic findings including irregular shape, ill demarcation heterogeneous internal echo, and calcifications, and we proposed a classification into ten ultrasonographic patterns in the previous paper. But some patients were falsely diagnosed based on the classification. Therefore, we analyzed ultrasonographic findings of 289 patients with thyroid nodules in order to diagnose more accurately, especially those of falsely diagnosed patients were evaluated again in detail. Our conclusions were as follows;
1. The rate of diagnostic accuracy based on ultrasonography was 82.3%.
2. The irregularly shaped, ill demarcated nodules and/or those with heterogeneous internal echo generally indicated papillary carcinomas.
3. Calcifications were found in 47.6% of papillary carcinomas, 34.6% of follicular carcinomas, while 14.0% of benign nodules, significantly more frequent in former two groups.
4. Thirty-one of 50 (62.0%) patients with papillary carcinomas had the hypoechogenic internal echo, while had only 11 of 96 (11.5%) patients with benign nodules, significant difference was indicated.
5. Above-mentioned findings were not specific to papillary carcinomas.
6. Benign solitary nodules less than 3 cm in diameter were likely to be diagnosed as papillary carcinomas. On the other hand, papillary carcinomas over 3 cm in diameter were likely to be diagnosed as benign nodules.
7. Eighteen of 26 (69.2%) patients with follicular carcinomas were diagnosed as benign nodules based on ultrasonographic findings.