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Journal of Medical Ultrasonics

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1988 - Vol.15

Vol.15 No.02

Original Article(原著)

(0107 - 0116)


Experimental Study of Noninvasive Pressure Measurement Method Based on Pressure Dependent Resonant Shift in Ultrasonic Frequency Characteristics


石原 謙1, 北畠 顕1, 田内 潤1, 藤井 謙司1, 上松 正朗1, 吉田 豊1, 長倉 俊明1, 楠岡 英雄1, 堀 正二1, 鎌田 武信1, 武田 裕2, 井上 通敏2, 田村 立博3, 千原 国宏3

Ken ISHIHARA1, Akira KITABATAKE1, Jun TANOUCHI1, Kenshi FUJII1, Masaaki UEMATSU1, Yutaka YOSHIDA1, Toshiaki NAGAKURA1, Hideo KUSUOKA1, Masatsugu HORI1, Takenobu KAMADA1, Hiroshi TAKEDA2, Michitoshi INOUE2, Tatsuhiro TAMURA3, Kunihiro CHIHARA3

1大阪大学医学部第一内科, 2大阪大学医学部附属病院医療情報学科, 3大阪大学基礎工学部制御工学科

1The First Department of Medicine, Osaka University Medical School, 2Medical Information Science Osaka University, 3Faculty of Engineering Science Osaka University

キーワード : Pressure measurement, Ultrasonics, Resonance, Microcapsule, PEPA

To measure intracardiac and intravascular pressure, we have studied a new technique based on the principle that an elastic microcapsule in liquid changes the resonant frequency depending on the surrounding pressure. In this paper, we investigated the pressure dependent changes in frequency spectrum of ultrasound passing through elastic microcapsules which were made of vinylidenedichloride-acrylonitrile copolymer. To avoid measurement error due to floating of microcapsules, we set a microfilm (0.15 micron in thickness) in an airtight cistern filled with degassed water, and attached microcapsules on it. Transmission wave, passing through the elastic microcapsules, was received and digitized with 10 bit A/D convertor at radio-frequency sampling rate. The cistern was pressurerized from 0 to 300 mmHg using sphygmomanometer. Following results were obtained: 1) The frequency spectra of transmitted ultrasound showed marked attenuation, resulting in dips. They demonstrated resonant frequency of 100 kHz, 200 kHz, 300-400 kHz at diameter 20-32 μm 45-63 μm, 74-90 μm, respectively. The characteristic dip of the frequency spectrum, indicating resonant frequency, was shifted to the higher frequency in the order of the diameter of the microcapsules. 2) The amplitude change in the frequency spectra linearly increased with the pressure. 3) Pressure dependent resonant shift of microcapsules were clearly observed. The present ultrasound technique using newly developed microcapsules may have a potential to measure the pressure in the heart and vesseles.