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英文誌(2004-)

Journal of Medical Ultrasonics

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1985 - Vol.12

Vol.12 No.06

Original Article(原著)

(0463 - 0470)

短時間スぺクトラルモーメント解析による生体組織の超音波減衰係数分布の推定

Estimation of Local Ultrasonic Attenuation Coefficient by Short-term Spectral Moment Analysis of Reflected Echo

鈴木 彰文, 八木 晋一, 中山 淑

Akifumi SUZUKI, Shin-ichi YAGI, Kiyoshi NAKAYAMA

上智大学理工学部電気電子工学科

Department of Electronic & Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Science & Technology, Sophia University

キーワード : Attenuation, Spectral moments, Tissue characterization, Tomography

 Two new methods for estimating spatial distribution of acoustic attenuation coefficient in biological tissue using the ultrasonic echo short-term spectral moment analysis are proposed and discussed. Short-term spectral moments are calculated from the autocorrelation function of analytic signal and its derivatives. Experimental results on the dextran particle suspension in condensed milk are also presented. In one method, the slope of attenuation coefficient vs. frequency is calculated from the 1-st order normalized moment differentiated and divided by 2-nd order normalized moment around centroid frequency. In the other method, the slope is calculated from the O-th order unnormalized moment differentiated and divided by 1-st order unnormalized moment differentiated and divided by 1-st order unnormalized moment around origin. The latter is considered to give the estimate with fairly low stochastic variation compared with the former because the latter uses lower order moments than the former does, and this is confirmed experimentally. Both method require the knowledge on frequency characteristics of sound field or that of scattering in the region of interest if the local spatial change of those characteristics is negligible. In near field, this spatial change cannot be neglected. The correction of this effect was performed using the spatially uniform scattering material, and the results were satisfactory. These results suggest that the realization of realtime attenuation tomography is promising.