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英文誌(2004-)

Journal of Medical Ultrasonics

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1985 - Vol.12

Vol.12 No.03

Original Article(原著)

(0215 - 0221)

超音波伝搬速度によるび慢性肝疾患診断の試み

In Vivo Ultrasonic Velocity in the Human Liver in Patients with Diffuse Liver Diseases

西村 庸夫, 赤松 興一

Nobuo NISHIMURA, Kouichi AKAMATSU

愛媛大学医学部第三内科

Third Department of Internal Medicine, Ehime University School of Medicine

キーワード : Pulsed Doppler flowmeter, Electronic linear scanner, Sampling location, Sound velocity, Cirrhotic liver

 To determine the in vivo velocity of ultrasound (sound velocity) in the liver, an ultrasonic system which was composed of a pulsed Doppler flowmeter and electronic linear scanner was used.
 The principle of the velocity determination is as follows; If the sound velocity in the liver is larger than the "set up speed" of the system (1,530 m/sec, an average for human tissue), the sampling location of the flowmeter in a vessel at a right angle to the liver surface is outside the B-mode image of the vessel. Thus, by measuring the distance between a vessel and a sampling location, change of the sound velocity in the liver can be roughly detected.
 By using this system, sound velocity in the liver was roughly measured in 20 healthy adults and 30 patients with diffuse liver diseases. The results showed that the sound velocity was clearly increased in the cirrhotic liver and the velocity was strongly correlated to the ratio of stroma to total liver tissue (r=0.82). It is assumed that the measurement of the sound velocity in the liver is useful to characterize the morphological changes in diffuse liver diseases.