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英文誌(2004-)

Journal of Medical Ultrasonics

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cover

1982 - Vol.9

Vol.9 No.04

Original Article(原著)

(0322 - 0328)

生体組織の音速と減衰係数の測定

Measurement of Velocity and Attenuation Coefficient of Biological Tissue

五十嵐 寛, 上田 光宏

Yutaka IGARASHI, Mitsuhiro UEDA

東京工業大学精密工学研究所

Research Laboratory of Precision Machinery and Electronics, Tokyo Institute of Technology

キーワード : tissue characterization, phase cancellation, attenuation coefficient, sound velocity

The thickness, sound velocity and attenuation coefficient of a biological tissue were measured using combination with reflection and transmission method. The total attenuation of a tissue was measured by comparing the spectral of a ultrasonic pulse transmitted through it with the spectral of a standard pulse. On condition that a ultrasonic pulse beam is transmitted through the tissues having different sound velocity, the amplitude of the transmitted wave will become weak due to phase cancellation effect. In this paper, this phenomenon is analyzed and its simulation and experimental results are reported. Moreover the measure of occurrence of this apparent attenuation due to phase cancellation is discussed.
As to the measuring system, because of using with a focused 20 MHz probe (beam width 0.1 mm), it is possible to measure the distribution of acoustic characteristics for a tissue with high resolution.